Education in new zealand
This is followed by Tertiary education which is skill based.
Early Childhood Education (ECE) in New Zealand is not compulsory, but care and facilities are available for children aged between 0 to 5 years. These care and facilities include kindergartens, playcentres, crèches, kohanga reo, home-based services, and childcare centres. Licensed care and facilities are funded by the government.
Primary school education is compulsory in New Zealand. All children must be enrolled at school from age of 5 only. Secondary school education is also compulsory, with children from 9 to 13 eligible for admission. The child must be 16 years by the time of completion of school education.
Secondary schools generally accommodate students from year 9 to year 13 and offer three levels of the National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) qualification.
After the completion of the school education, the student is ready to join tertiary education that includes industry training, adult and community education, foundation studies and study at tertiary institutions like universities, polytechnics, wananga and private training establishments.
In addition to the regular stream mentioned above, there is also the native stream of education called Maori education which is leveled as Kohanga reo (early childhood Maori language nests) and kura kaupapa Maori (primary to secondary level Maori immersion schools) that teach the curriculum in te reo Maori.
Even the Maori education offer tertiary education facilities through the established, thirty-seven tertiary education institutes, that include three wananga (tertiary institutions) that provide polytechnic and university type program with an emphasis on the Maori language, customs, and culture.
In general, New Zealand’s education is focused on skill-development. Education in New Zealand is increasingly of international character, driven and motivated by trends which include
- The ICT revolution
- Employment markets transcending national borders
- Geographically mobile population of students
- Teaching staff and researchers
In this fast-changing environment, policy makers, teachers, students and employers in all countries need access to relevant and up-to-date information about each other's education and qualification systems.
New Zealand education
New Zealand education has seen a lot of changes, starting with the centralized structure and moving towards the establishment of individual schools and tertiary institutions by private individuals. Though they are responsible for their own governance and management, definite framework of guidelines, requirements and funding arrangements are provided by the central government and administered through other state organizations.
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